Yoga sutra 1.8
viparyayo mithyā-jñānam-atadrūpa pratiṣṭham
Incorrect knowledge is confused understanding as it is not based on the real nature of the object in question
A further example of a fluctuation of the mind is misconception. Misconception is the incorrect knowledge that differs from reality and comes from an experience based on poor sensory perception, failed logic or information from an unreliable source. The intention of yoga is to learn from our mistakes and their causes so as not to repeat the same.
Damian Cadman-Jones is an authorised teacher of Prana Vashya Yoga™