Yoga Sutra 1.31


A little look at the first Yoga Sutra …

Yoga sutra 1.31


duḥkha-daurmanasya-aṅgamejayatva-śvāsapraśvāsāḥ vikṣepa sahabhuvah


The symptoms of such mental agitation are:

  • Suffering

  • Negative thinking

  • Restlessness

  • Erratic breathing


The nine obstacles that may cause you to wonder off the spiritual path, as outlined by Patanjali in the previous sutra, present themselves via these four symptoms:


  1. Suffering: an emotional wound

  2. Negative thinking: thoughts which can bring despair

  3. Restlessness: being physically unable to stay still, e.g. trembling limbs

  4. Erratic breathing: when your breathing lacks harmony and is no longer rhythmic.


The above-mentioned symptoms, then, are symptoms of a troubled mind. To bring you back to yourself, the systematic repetition of AUM (ॐ) can be a useful tool to centre yourself. Once centred, the above-mentioned symptoms melt away.


Damian Cadman-Jones is an authorised teacher of Prana Vashya Yoga™



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