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Yoga Sutra 2.32


A little look at the second Yoga Sutra

Yoga sutra 2.32


śauca-saṁtoṣa-tapaḥ-svādhyāya-íśvarapraṇidhānāni niyamāḥ


The personal observances are: cleanliness, contentment, purification, self-study, and surrender to a Higher Principle


In this sūtra Patanjali offers a five-fold guide to looking after yourself:


  1. Cleanliness (śauca) is two-fold: personal hygiene and keeping good/clean company.

  2. Contentment (saṁtoṣa) is an invitation to culture positive thinking.

  3. Purification (tapaḥ) asceticism – dropping anything that does not serve you.

  4. Self-study (svādhyāya) learning what you are doing before it is done; ‘discovering yourself’, sometimes with the aid of sacred texts.

  5. Surrender to a Higher Principle (íśvara-praṇidhānā) to help overcome your ego.


Together, the yama-s and niyama-s represent a code of conduct for yogis and yoginis.


Damian Cadman-Jones is an authorised teacher of Prana Vashya Yoga™




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